Preţurile şi piaţa, ca stimulente pentru conservarea (oricărei) proprietăţi(i)

Doug French, preşedintele Institutului Ludwig von Mises din SUA, despre experienţa personală într-un safari african.

[…]Soon the lionesses came back, and one ventured to climb and retrieve the kill. The 300-pound cat made it up the main trunk, claws gouging the tree’s bark. Then things got tricky. The impala was hanging just out of the lion’s reach. The cat carefully adjusted its weight, trying to balance on a limb that allowed enough stability to reach up and grab the impala.

Finally, the impala was secure in the lioness’s jaws. But now the hard part. While leopards have a locking wrist or anklebone that aids in climbing and descending, lions’ ankles slide sideways under their body weight. Meanwhile, the two other lionesses waited calmly under the tree, hoping to scoop up a falling impala. But the lioness held on, clumsily sliding down the tree trunk. With the kill secure and now on terra firma, the lioness carried the impala into the shade of a bush. The king of the jungle quickly showed up to join her.


It’s the prospect of witnessing this kind of drama that tourists pay money to see, and it’s the market and private property that make it possible, at the same time providing the incentives to protect and revitalize what were once endangered species. As professor Block makes clear, „there is no intrinsic conflict between the market and the environment.”

Government’s good intentions have done little to protect endangered wildlife. It is only private property and market pricing that will protect these majestic creatures for future generations to marvel at and enjoy.

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